How to Present: Vocabulary Enrichment Cards (age 3-4)

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  1. Rug
  2. Tray
  3. Set of three cards, called two-part cards
    1. Control card with picture and name of a brass instrument (Vocabulary:  FLUGELHORN, MARCHING FRENCH HORN, BARITONE, TROMBONE, SOUSAPHONE, EUPHONIUM, TENOR TROMBONE, MARCHING MELLOPHONE, and TUBA)
    2. Mute card with picture of brass instrument
    3. Label card with name of brass instrument




  1. Place the tray in the lower, right-hand corner of the rug.
  2. Remove the mute cards from the tray and have the child identify each picture.  Use the three period lesson to teach any names of the brass instrument the child does not know.
  3. Replace the mute cards on the tray and remove the control cards.
  4. Lay out control cards on the rug from top to bottom down the left side of the rug.
  5. Take out mute card and match by placing it next to each control card to see if the pictures match; talk to yourself saying, “No, this doesn’t match; It’s not the same.”  Continue until you find the one that matches and lay it to the right of the control card.
  6. Do the first three cards and ask the child to do the next three cards.
  7. Remove the label cards from the tray and follow the same procedure, matching the label cards to the control cards comparing each letter in the word with each letter on the control card.
  8. Do the first three cards and then let the child finish the last three cards.
  9. When all the cards have been matched, read your work:
    1. Point to the brass instrument picture on the control card and say the name of the instrument
    2. Point to the brass instrument picture on the mute card and say the name of the instrument
    3. Point to the word on the control card and read that word
    4. Point to the word on the label card and read that word
    5. Continue through all nine cards
  10. Ask the child to remove the control cards while you remove the mute cards, only the label cards remain.
  11. Ask the child to hand you all the card he/she can read.
  12. If he/she misses one simply give the correct brass instrument name and go on.


  1. Control cards
  2. Child’s own knowledge of sight reading
  3. Seeing two cards incorrectly matched
  4. In the directress
  5. Another child


  1. Hearing that each picture has a name of a brass instrument and seeing that the name can be written down.
  2. Seeing that each picture and word have a partner.
  3. Developing the ability to sight read.


Direct Aim:

  1. Enrichment of child’s vocabulary
  2. Visual discrimination

Indirect Aim:

  1. Incidental reading
  2. Development of left to right progression

AGE:  3 ½ and up


  1. Flip control card and read the work
  2. Flip the picture card and read the work


  1. Labeling is the end product of every vocabulary enrichment exercise.
  2. If the child has many pictures with he doesn’t recognize, you may wish to terminate the vocabulary enrichment exercise until the three period lesson can be given for each brass instrument picture name.
  3. Remove the labels and place them on another mat and ask the child to bring the label to match a specific control card.
  4. If the teacher has previously placed cards across the top of the rug, he/she may choose to do so with this lesson in order to be consistent.  Management-wise it is more difficult for the child to lay the control cards across the top as they do not know how much room to leave for the placement of the mute card.